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A Homeowner’s Guide to Water Heaters (2024)

A Homeowner’s Guide to Water Heaters (2024)

A Homeowner’s Guide to Water Heaters (2024)

Welcome to the world of water heaters! If you’re a homeowner, you might not think much about this crucial appliance tucked away in your basement or closet, that is until you’re greeted by an icy shower or a puddle of water under the tank. The water heater is a central component of daily comfort, providing hot water for showers, dishes, and laundry. Understanding its mechanics, maintenance, and repair options can save you time, money, and the inconvenience of unexpected cold showers.

Schroeder Plumbing brings you this comprehensive guide, drawing from years of expertise and countless service calls. We’ll explore different types of water heaters, how to select the best one for your needs, and troubleshooting tips for common issues. Whether you’re a new homeowner learning the ropes or an experienced one looking to upgrade or maintain your system, this guide is your resource for all things related to water heaters.

We’ll start by breaking down the different types of water heaters available and how to determine the best fit for your home’s needs. Then, we’ll navigate the intricacies of installation locations, transportation, power sources, and common troubleshooting scenarios. Through it all, I’ll sprinkle in personal anecdotes and pro tips from my journey as a homeowner and a plumbing professional.

So, grab your notebook, and let’s dive into the warm and sometimes steamy world of water heaters. By the end of this guide, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge to make informed decisions, perform basic maintenance, and understand when to call in the experts from Schroeder Plumbing for backup. Welcome to your homeowner’s guide to water heaters – let’s turn up the heat on knowledge!

Professional Water heater

Which Water Heater is Best for Your Home?

Selecting the right water heater is more than a matter of preference—it’s about efficiency, cost, space, and meeting your family’s hot water needs. Let’s dive into the details of each type and what you should consider when making your choice.

Types of Water Heaters

Conventional Storage Water Heaters

These are the most common types of water heaters, featuring an insulated tank where water is heated and stored until needed. They are available in a variety of sizes and can be powered by electricity, natural gas, propane, or oil.

  • Pros: Lower initial cost, simple operation.
  • Cons: Can waste energy through standby heat loss.

Tankless Water Heaters (On-Demand)

Tankless water heaters heat water directly without the use of a storage tank. When a hot water tap is turned on, cold water travels through a pipe into the unit, and either a gas burner or an electric element heats the water.

  • Pros: More energy-efficient as they heat water only when it’s needed, saving up to 30% on energy costs annually. They also have a longer lifespan and take up less space.
  • Cons: Higher upfront costs and may require a larger gas line or more power.

Heat Pump Water Heaters (Hybrid)

These capture heat from the air or ground and transfer it to the water. They use electricity but are more energy-efficient than traditional electric water heaters.

  • Pros: Can be two to three times more energy efficient than conventional electric resistance water heaters.
  • Cons: Higher initial costs and not suitable for very cold spaces.

Solar Water Heaters

Solar water heaters use the sun’s heat to provide hot water. There are two types: active (which have circulating pumps and controls) and passive (which don’t).

  • Pros: Utilize a renewable resource, reducing energy costs and carbon footprint.
  • Cons: High initial costs, dependent on climate and solar resource availability.

Choosing the Best Water Heater

When deciding on the best water heater for your home, consider the following:

  • Energy Efficiency: To maximize savings on energy bills, look for water heaters with high energy factors (EF).
  • Size and Capacity: Consider the size of your household and your peak water usage. A too-small heater means cold showers, while too large means wasted energy.
  • Cost: Evaluate not just the purchase price but the long-term operating costs. Sometimes a higher initial investment can lead to greater savings down the line.
  • Fuel Type and Availability: Your choice might be influenced by the fuel type available in your area and its cost. Gas heaters generally use less energy and cost less to run but might have higher initial costs than electric models.
  • Environmental Impact: If reducing your carbon footprint is important, consider solar or heat pump options.

In conclusion, there’s no one-size-fits-all answer when it comes to choosing the best water heater. Consider your household’s needs, budget, and values. And remember, whether you’re interested in a traditional tank or looking to modernize with a tankless or renewable energy option, Schroeder Plumbing has the expertise to guide you through selection, installation, and maintenance. Stay warm and well-informed with the right water heater for your home!

Understanding the Water Heater Drain Valve

The drain valve might seem like a small component of your water heater, but it plays a crucial role in its longevity and efficiency. Whether you’re performing routine maintenance or troubleshooting, knowing your way around the drain valve can save you from future headaches.

Location and Purpose of the Drain Valve

The drain valve is typically located near the bottom of your water heater. It’s a simple faucet-like valve that allows you to drain the tank. This is particularly important for removing sediment that accumulates over time, which can affect the efficiency and lifespan of your heater.

Importance of Regular Maintenance

Why Flush Your Water Heater?

Over time, water minerals separate and settle at the bottom of your water heater tank, forming sediment. This sediment can reduce your water heater’s efficiency and clog your water lines. Regular flushing keeps your water heater free of these deposits, maintaining its efficiency and prolonging its life.

How to Flush the Tank

  • Turn Off the Heater: For safety, turn off the power or gas supply.
  • Connect a Hose: Attach a garden hose to the drain valve and place the other end in an area where the water can safely drain.
  • Open the Drain Valve: Let the water flow until it’s clear. This may take several minutes to a full hour depending on the amount of sediment.

Troubleshooting Drain Valve Problems

  • Leaks: If you notice a leak around the drain valve, it might simply need tightening. However, if the valve itself is faulty, it may require replacement.
  • Clogs: If the valve seems clogged or releases water very slowly, sediment might be blocking the flow. In some cases, gently probing with a wire can break up the clog.

When to Call a Professional

While many drain valve issues are manageable, some problems may be indicative of larger issues or require professional tools and expertise. If you’re ever unsure or uncomfortable performing maintenance on your water heater, it’s wise to call in professionals like those at Schroeder Plumbing. We’re equipped to handle everything from routine maintenance to complex repairs.

Understanding and maintaining your water heater’s drain valve is a small but significant aspect of home maintenance. Regularly flushing your tank can prevent a myriad of problems and extend the life of your heater. And remember, if you’re ever in doubt or face a problem that seems out of your league, professional help is just a call away. Keep your water heater healthy and your showers hot with a well-maintained drain valve!


How to Fix a Leaking Water Heater

A leaking water heater can be alarming, leading to wasted water, damage to your home, and interrupted service. Understanding how to identify and address leaks can save you from these headaches. Here’s a detailed guide on how to manage a leaking water heater, ensuring you’re well-prepared to handle this common issue.

Identifying the Leak

The first step in fixing a leak is identifying its source, which can vary from minor to more severe issues. Here’s how to pinpoint the problem:

  • Inspect the Inlet and Outlet Connections: These are where cold water enters and hot water leaves the tank. Loose or deteriorated connections can cause leaks.
  • Check the Pressure Relief Valve: This valve releases water when pressure or temperature exceeds safe levels. It might leak due to normal operation or a malfunction.
  • Examine the Tank Itself: Look for signs of corrosion or damage. Leaks from the tank body usually indicate a serious problem that might require a replacement.


Water heater leaking with rust

DIY Fixes for Common Leaks

Tightening Connections

Sometimes, a simple tightening of fittings or replacing a worn-out washer can stop a leak. Use a wrench to secure the inlet and outlet connections, but be careful not to overtighten.

Replacing Faulty Valves

If a valve is leaking, it might be faulty or have a failed seal. You can replace pressure relief valves and drain valves yourself with some basic tools and a new valve from a hardware store.

When to Seek Professional Help

While some leaks are straightforward to fix, others might indicate a more serious problem or require specialized tools. Consider calling a professional if:

  • The Tank is Leaking: If the leak is coming from the tank body, it usually means it’s corroded and needs replacement.
  • The Fix is Temporary: If your solution doesn’t hold or the leak recurs, it might be a sign of a bigger issue.
  • You’re Unsure: If you’re ever in doubt about the nature of the leak or how to fix it, professional help is the best route.

Preventing Future Leaks

  • Regular Maintenance: Annual inspections and flushing the tank can prevent sediment build-up and corrosion.
  • Check Anode Rod: The anode rod protects the tank from corrosion. Check it every few years and replace it if needed.
  • Monitor Water Quality: Hard water can accelerate tank deterioration. Consider a water softener if necessary.

Leaking water heaters are a common issue but knowing how to handle them can prevent minor problems from turning into major ones. Regular maintenance, timely repairs, and understanding when to call professionals like Schroeder Plumbing can keep your system running smoothly and your home dry and comfortable. Remember, a little knowledge and attention can go a long way in managing your home’s water heater leaks!


Can a Water Heater Be Outside?

Whether due to space constraints or personal preference, you might wonder if an outdoor water heater installation is viable. Let’s explore the feasibility, benefits, and considerations of placing your water heater outside.

Pros and Cons of Outdoor Water Heater Installation


  • Space-Saving: Placing a water heater outside frees up valuable indoor space, especially in smaller homes or apartments.
  • Ease of Maintenance: With more accessible space around the unit, maintenance and repairs might be easier to perform.
  • Ventilation: Natural ventilation can be beneficial, especially for gas water heaters, reducing the risk of carbon monoxide buildup.


  • Weather Exposure: Outdoor units are exposed to the elements, which can lead to faster wear and tear, especially in extreme climates.
  • Security: An outdoor water heater might be more susceptible to tampering or theft.
  • Efficiency: In colder climates, more energy may be required to keep the water hot, reducing the unit’s efficiency.

Best Practices for Outdoor Water Heater Installation

If you decide to install your water heater outside, consider the following to ensure longevity and efficient operation:

  • Weatherproofing: Use an enclosure or water heater shed designed to protect the unit from the elements. Ensure it’s well-insulated to retain heat and prevent freezing in cold weather.
  • Elevation: Elevate the water heater to protect it from floods or pooling water.
  • Regular Maintenance: Outdoor units might require more frequent checks and maintenance due to exposure to weather and debris.
  • Security Measures: Consider locking mechanisms or enclosures to prevent unauthorized access or tampering.

When to Consult a Professional

While DIY installation might be tempting, outdoor water heater installation involves critical considerations like gas lines, electrical connections, and local building codes. It’s wise to consult with or hire a professional installer, especially for gas units or complex setups. Companies like Schroeder Plumbing can provide valuable advice on the best unit for your needs, proper installation, and ongoing maintenance.

Outdoor water heater installations can be a practical solution for some homeowners, offering space-saving and maintenance benefits. However, it’s essential to carefully weigh the pros and cons, implement protective measures, and adhere to local codes and regulations. Whether you’re considering an outdoor installation or looking to maintain an existing one, understanding these factors will help you make informed decisions and ensure your water heater’s efficiency and longevity.


Transporting a Water Heater

Whether you’re moving to a new home or replacing an old unit, transporting a water heater is a task that requires careful consideration to avoid damage. Here’s what you need to know about moving a water heater safely and effectively.

Can It Be Transported on Its Side?

Ideally, water heaters should be kept upright during transport. This position protects sensitive components like the gas valve, thermostat, and heating elements. However, if you must transport it on its side, here are some precautions:

  • Secure Internal Components: Ensure any loose components are secured or removed to prevent damage.
  • Protect the Outer Shell: Use blankets or padding to prevent dents and scratches.
  • Avoid Sharp Turns and Bumps: Drive carefully, especially over bumps, to minimize jostling.

Preparing for Transport

Before moving a water heater, whether it’s new or used, consider these steps:

  • Drain the Tank: Ensure the tank is completely drained to avoid water damage and reduce weight.
  • Disconnect Carefully: For used heaters, ensure all connections are properly disconnected, and the gas or power supply is off.
  • Use Appropriate Transportation: A vehicle with enough space to keep the unit secure and protected from the elements is ideal.

After Arrival: Installation Considerations

Once the water heater has arrived at its new location, it’s crucial to inspect it for any damage that may have occurred during transport. If all is well, proceed with the installation. Remember, installation involves critical safety considerations, especially regarding gas and electrical connections. It’s often best to leave this to professionals who can ensure that the installation complies with local codes and safety standards.

While transporting a water heater on its side is not recommended, it can be done with careful preparation and attention to detail. Always prioritize safety and consider the condition of the water heater before and after transport. If you’re unsure or uncomfortable with any aspect of moving a water heater, consult with professionals for advice or assistance. Proper handling will ensure that your water heater arrives in good condition, ready to provide warm, comforting showers in its new home.

Powering Your Water Heater

Understanding how your water heater is powered is crucial, especially during installation, maintenance, or when facing power disruptions. Let’s explore the power needs of water heaters and what to expect in different situations.

Will It Work Without Electricity or Gas?

The functionality of your water heater during a power outage depends on its type:

  • Electric Water Heaters: These rely entirely on electricity to heat water. During a power outage, they will not function until power is restored.
  • Gas Water Heaters: Traditional gas water heaters with a standing pilot light can operate without electricity, as they don’t require it for heating. However, newer models with electronic ignition systems may need a minimal amount of electricity, which could be interrupted during a power outage.

Understanding Different Power Sources

Electric Water Heaters

  • Pros: Usually cheaper to install and maintain, and are generally considered safer as they don’t burn fuel and risk carbon monoxide emissions.
  • Cons: Can be more expensive to operate depending on electricity costs and tend to be less energy-efficient than gas models.

Gas Water Heaters

  • Pros: Typically more energy-efficient and cost-effective over time, especially in areas where gas is cheaper than electricity. They also heat water faster.
  • Cons: More complex installation due to the need for venting. There’s also a slight risk of gas leaks or carbon monoxide if not properly maintained.

What to Do in Case of a Power Outage

  • Electric Units: If you have an electric water heater, you’ll need to wait until the power is restored. Conserving hot water during the outage can help you manage until then.
  • Gas Units: For gas water heaters, ensure the unit is well-ventilated and the pilot light is functioning. If your model has electronic ignition and you don’t have power, you may not be able to use it until electricity is restored.

Preparing for Emergencies

Having a backup plan can ensure you’re not left in the cold. For electric water heater owners, consider a small generator or alternative heating methods. For gas water heater owners, familiarize yourself with how to manually light the pilot if it goes out and the electronic ignition isn’t working.

Your water heater’s power source affects not just its day-to-day operation but also its performance during emergencies. By understanding the requirements and limitations of your specific type of water heater, you can better prepare for unexpected situations and ensure that you continue to have access to hot water when you need it most. Whether you choose electric or gas, proper maintenance and a bit of preparedness can go a long way in keeping your water heater functioning smoothly and reliably.


Troubleshooting Common Issues

Why It Keeps Turning Off

If you find your water heater frequently turning off, it’s not just an inconvenience—it could be a symptom of a larger issue. Let’s explore the common reasons why this happens and how to address them.

Thermostat Issues

  • Symptom: Inconsistent water temperature or the unit shuts off unexpectedly.
  • Solution: Check the thermostat settings and ensure they are correct. If the thermostat is faulty, it may need replacement.

Gas Supply Problems

  • For Gas Water Heaters: Interruptions or inconsistencies in the gas supply can cause the unit to turn off.
  • Solution: Ensure the gas valve is fully open and check for any supply issues from your gas provider.


  • Symptom: The water heater shuts off as a safety measure when it overheats.
  • Solution: This could be due to sediment build-up or a faulty thermostat. Flushing the tank and checking the thermostat can resolve this issue.

Why Your Water Heater Might Not Be Working

When your water heater stops working entirely, it’s a significant concern. Here are some common reasons and solutions:

Pilot Light Out (For Gas Water Heaters)

  • Cause: A frequent issue in gas water heaters is the pilot light going out due to drafts or a faulty thermocouple.
  • Solution: Relight the pilot following the manufacturer’s instructions. If it won’t stay lit, the thermocouple might need replacement.

Tripped Circuit Breaker (For Electric Water Heaters)

  • Cause: Overload or electrical issue causing the breaker to trip.
  • Solution: Reset the breaker. If it trips again, there might be a more serious electrical issue that needs attention.

High-Temperature Cutoff Tripped

  • Cause: The high-temperature cutoff might trip as a safety measure if the water gets too hot.
  • Solution: Press the reset button. If it trips frequently, it’s time to call a professional.

I’ve had my fair share of cold showers due to a malfunctioning water heater. Once, my gas water heater kept turning off. After some troubleshooting, I found out that the vent was clogged with debris. A simple cleaning was all it took to get things running smoothly again. Regular maintenance and understanding common issues can prevent many of these situations.

Water Heater in home

Final Tips

Regular maintenance is key to preventing many common water heater problems. Knowing the typical issues and how to troubleshoot them can save you time and money. However, when in doubt, it’s always best to consult with a professional to avoid further damage or safety risks.

Your water heater is an essential component of your home, providing comfort and convenience daily. Understanding how it works, how to maintain it, and how to troubleshoot common problems can help you keep it running efficiently and reliably. With this guide, you’re now equipped with the knowledge to make informed decisions about your water heater and ensure a steady supply of hot water for your household. Whether you’re facing a minor issue or considering an upgrade, remember that professional advice and service are just a call away with experts like Schroeder Plumbing ready to assist. Stay warm and well-informed!


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